The Social Action theory was discovered by Max Weber and he believed that sociology was the study of social action. To him ‘social action’ was an action taken out by an individual to which the individual felt passionately about.
Therefore, an action that a person does not think about cannot be a social action. For example, an accidental collision of bicycles is not a social action as they are not a result of any conscious thought process. On the other hand, a wood cutter cutting wood has a motive, an intention behind that action. It is therefore ‘a social action’.
An organisation called Locality who aspires to meet people’s needs in local areas and get people involved in making the world better defines social action:
“Social action means taking steps to change the things that are wrong in our society and introducing new ideas and processes for doing things better in the future.”